Hydride Shift and Methyl Shift in Organic Chemistry Reactions

hydride shift methyl shift tutorial video

Halohydrin Formation – Alkene Reaction Mechanism

halohydrin formation reaction mechanism

Reaction Overview: The Halohydrin formation reaction involves breaking a pi bond and creating a halohydrin in its place. Halo = halogen and Hydrin = OH. This reaction takes place in water and yields an anti-addition reaction which follows Markovnikov’s rule. Reaction Summary Nucleophilic pi bond attacks halogen molecule, pi bond breaks in the process Halogen lone […]

Halogenation of Alkenes – Organic Chemistry Reaction Mechanism

alkene bromination mechanism

Reaction Overview: The alkene halogenation reaction, specifically bromination or chlorination, is one in which a dihalide such as Cl2 or Br2 is added to a molecule after breaking the carbon to carbon double bond. The halides add to neighboring carbons from opposite faces of the molecule. The resulting product is a vicinal (neighboring) dihalide. Summary of […]

Hydrohalogenation Of Alkenes – Reaction Mechanism

Hydrohalogenation Reaction Mechanism

Reaction Overview: The hydrohalogenation of alkenes involves breaking a carbon to carbon double bond, followed by the electrophilic addition of a hydrogen atom and halogen. The halide will add to the more substituted carbon following Markovnikov’s rule. The product is a haloalkane also called an alkyl halide. Summary of Hydrohalogenation Mechanism Nucleophilic pi bond reaches […]