Halogenation Of Alkenes Tutorial Video

alkene bromination mechanismAlkene Reactions Series: Video 3
Halogenation of alkenes is the reaction in which a double bond is broken and replaced by a vicinal dihalide – 2 halogen atoms added to neighboring carbons. This reaction follows a pattern of anti addition.

The goal of this video is to help you understand rather than memorize concepts related to the halogenation mechanism. This video addresses dihalide polarization, bromonium/chloronium bridge formation, addition to cyclic and asymmetrical starting alkenes.

(Watch on YouTube: Halogenation. Click cc on the bottom right for video transcription.)

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This is Video 3 in the Alkene Reaction Mechanisms Video Series. Click HERE for the entire series.

Ready to test your skills? Try the Alkene Reactions Practice Quiz after watching the series!


  1. Do you have any videos on Radical Rxns, NBS, Allylic carbon, how to calculate delta H for propagation steps? That is what I am doing now in my Orgo II class.

  2. Hi Leah, I think you are doing a fantastic job. I think you can add a DONATE button so that people can donate to you. It is another way people can say thank you!!

    • Leah4sci says

      Thanks for the suggestion Munyaradzi! The best way to donate is
      1- sign up for my services or study hall
      2- tell your friends about my free resources and perhaps they will sign up

  3. In the last example, propene reacting with Cl2, do we still worry about stereochemistry?

  4. Hi all. The description of resonance in the bromonium ion intermediate is rather misleading. The contributing structures have no independent existence. There is no “back and forth” between them. The actual structure is a sort of average of them, and always contains two bonds to the bromine atom.

    • Leah4sci says

      You are correct. The video is taught to help understand the partial positive charge (unless I made a mistake which sometimes happens)

  5. Hi Leah, I’m confused as to why the bromine in the bromine bridge has a positive charge, when it has three lone pairs, and two bonding electrons. Shouldn’t it have a negative charge? Or maybe should have only two lone pairs?

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