Propyl Butyl and Pentyl Branched Substituents

Butyl Substituent Isomers butane n-butyl secbutyl isobutyl tert butyl

When you hear n-butyl, secbutyl, isobutyl and tert butyl. Do these terms scare you? Learning Organic Chemistry is like learning a new language where certain prefixes and suffixes will mean different things. Different ways of arranging bits and pieces will bring you to different variations of compounds. But just like a new language, the more you see it, […]

Degree of Unsaturation aka Index of Hydrogen Deficiency

degrees of unsaturation aka index of hydrogen deficiency tutorial video

Degree of unsaturation is typically covered at the start of your organic chemistry course when you learn how to identify constitutional isomers. Yet it amazes me how many advanced orgo students still don’t understand or know this concept at the Orgo 2 level. This concept is CRITICAL for finding isomers, identifying key structures during spectroscopy, […]