Organic Chemistry Basics to Build A Strong Orgo Foundation

Success in organic chemistry requires a strong foundation and understanding of the basics. That’s why this video series is designed to teach you these very foundation topics touched on in general chemistry.

Worried you’re behind? Go back to the Gen-Chem review for Orgo series first and test your knowledge with the Gen Chem Review for Orgo Quiz!

Drawing Skeletal Structures for Organic Compounds VideoPre-Basics Video – Skeletal Structures

Confused by those sticks and lines masquerading as molecules?  You’ll learn how to identify molecules when written in line structure. I’ll also cover molecules containing oxygen bonds, nitrogen, and more.

Orgo Basics video 1 bonding by Leah FischVideo 1 – Ionic, Polar Covalent and Non-Polar Covalent Bonding

Learning these concepts will help you recognize strong/weak bonds, and bonds that can or can’t be broken. These are crucial to understanding reactions.

Orgo Basics Video 2 Hybridization Bond Angle and Geometry Video 2 – sp3 Hybridization, Bond Angle, Molecular Geometry

Carbon must have 4 bonds. This ability of binding 4 different atoms for a 3-D structure makes it unique to organic compounds. Sp3 hybridization for carbon and other atoms, geometry and bond angle.

Orgo Basics Video 3 sp2 sp hybridization bond angle and geometryVideo 3 – sp2/sp Hybridization, Bond Angle, Molecular Geometry

sp2 and sp hybrids give organic compounds unique shapes and reacting abilities. This video breaks down sp2 hybridization and sp fused orbitals using carbon and other  atoms to help you understand hybrids, geometry, and bond angles.

formal charge equation shortcutLearn the Formal Charge Formula Shortcut

Formal charge calculations are taught as a complicated and confusing process.  This detailed written tutorial will teach you my quick shortcut followed by lots of practice questions. (video below included in this tutorial)

Formal Charge Orgo Basics Video 4Video 4 – Formal Charge Calculation Shortcut

Simply calculate which atom carries charge. Later, you’ll be using FC to identify reactive intermediates and reaction patterns. So let’s get it mastered now!

Lewis Structures in Organic Chemistry Video 5Video 5- Lewis Structure for Organic Chemistry Molecules

“What’s the correct structure???” Ensure you are on the right track with this video. Simply draw every atom, bond, and lone electron pair.

Watch Orgo basics resonance structures step by step video tutorial by Leah4SciVideo 6 – Resonance Structures

Resonance structures shows the movement of electrons between adjacent atoms.

This will affect the way we understand the molecule including what it looks like, its reactivity, and more.

watch-orgo-basics-finding-major-and-minor-resonance-structures-in-step-by-step-video-tutorial-by-leah4sciVideo 7 – Major / Minor Resonance Contributors

Which Resonance structure is the most accurate? Learn how to find the most stable & least stable resonance structures and how to identify it among all the contributing structures.

To review these topics go back and watch my Intro To Orgo video series.

The above Orgo Foundation series requires a proper understanding of general chemistry basics including

  • Atomic structure
  • subatomic particles
  • Periodic table and trends
  • Atomic shapes and orbitals
  • Electron configuration
  • Lewis dot diagram
  • Octet rule

To test your knowledge on Gen Chem basics, check out my with my Gen Chem Review for Orgo Quiz!