Naming Organic Compounds Tutorial Video Series

Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Cheat Sheet

Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Cheat Sheet

Nomenclature, or the naming of organic compounds, is a key requirement in any organic chemistry course. You will start out with the basics, being tested on naming molecules and drawing molecules from a given name.

But it doesn’t stop there. As you proceed with your organic chemistry course you will be tested on reactions and mechanisms, but may find yourself faced with the name of a molecule instead of its drawing. No matter how many times you practiced a mechanism, if you don’t know your starting molecule, you won’t be able to answer related questions.

Despite the importance of nomenclature, this topic is often rushed in the orgo curriculum and textbook. That’s why I created this 21-video series to take you through naming step by step using my Puzzle Piece Approach. This will help you find patterns and see the logic with every additional concept and rule.

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Included in this series:

Click on the specific videos listed as follows or on the icons below:

Organic chemistry functional groups video by leah fischPre-Naming Video – Functional Groups

You must first recognize functional groups in order to name molecules. These groups influence reactivity as you progress in the course. This video will take you through all the common groups with tips & mnemonics to help you recognize and differentiate between the tricky ones. Try my Functional Groups Practice Quiz!

Video 1 – Introduction To IUPAC Nomenclature Tutorial Video 1 introduction to iupac naming

The rules for naming organic compounds are tedious and can become overwhelming fast. The first video shows you how to break down the name of an organic molecule using my ‘puzzle piece approach’. This video is a MUST for breaking down nomenclature in a simple and fun-to-solve manner.

Video 2 – Naming Straight Chain Alkanes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 2 straight chain alkanesThis video  teaches you how to name/recognize a simple or straight-chain alkane. Including examples of straight chain alkanes presented in condensed molecular formula, structural formula, and line or skeletal structure.


Video 3 – Naming Branched Chain Alkanes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 3 branched chain alkanesThe complexity starts when we add a ‘branch’ or carbon substituent. This videos teaches you how to tackle molecules with one or more alkyl substituents/branches. Examples include single substituent to multiple same and varied branches.


Video 4 – Naming Branched Substituents – isopropyl, isobutyl, tertbutyl, and more

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 4 isopropyl isobutyl tertbutylYou may find a molecule containing a branched branch, or a substituent containing its own substituents. These can get tricky to name, but there are accepted ‘shortcuts,’ explained in this video! Examples include ispropyl, isobutyl, secbutyl, and tert butyl substituents.

Video 5 – Naming Cycloalkanes & Bicyclo Alkanes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 5 cycloalkanes and bicyclo alkanesCycloalkanes have the first and last carbon of the chain fused. One cycloalkane follows the same naming pattern with a few differences. However, more than one fused ring has a drastically different naming pattern. Examples include single, fused, & substituted cyclic compounds.

Video 6 – Naming Alkenes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 6 alkenesA single pi bond introduced into the organic compound calls for a slight change in the naming pattern. This video shows you how to name with one or more double bonds while still following my ‘puzzle piece’ approach.


Video 7 – Naming Alkynes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 7 alkynesWhen your compound contains two pi bonds between the same set of carbon atoms, you have an alkyne. Naming an alkyne is similar to alkenes, with a slight change in the ‘last name’ of the molecule.


Video 8 – Naming Enynes (alkene + alkyne on same compound)

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 8 enynesIf a molecule contains alkenes or alkynes, you know what to do from Videos 6 & 7. But what do you do when the molecule contains BOTH! This is explained with a few examples in the ene + yne = enyne video.

*Organic Chemistry Functional Groups*

Videos 1-8 focus on the naming basics, videos 9-21 focus on naming functional groups that show up within organic compounds. If you’re not fully confident with the name or structure of the different functional groups – grab my FREE Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Cheat Sheet

Video 9 – Naming Alkyl Halides

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 9 alkyl halides

Video 10 – Naming Alcohols

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 10 alcohols

Video 11 – Naming Thiols

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 11 thiols

Video 12 – Naming Ethers

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 12 ethers

Video 13 – Naming Epoxides and Oxiranes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 13 epoxides

Video 14 – Naming Aldehydes

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 14 aldehydes

Video 15 – Naming Ketones

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 15 ketones

Video 16 – Naming Carboxylic Acids

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 16 carboxylic acids

Video 17 – Naming Esters
Nomenclature Tutorial Video 17 esters

 

 

Video 18 – Naming Amines
Nomenclature Tutorial Video 18 amines

Video 19 – Naming Amides

Nomenclature Tutorial Video 19 amides

Video 20 – Naming Aromatic Compounds (+ Benzene vs Phenyl)
Nomenclature Tutorial Video 20 aromatics

Video 21 – Naming Ortho Meta and Para Substituents on BenzeneNomenclature Tutorial Video 21 ortho meta para

 

 

 

 

This concludes my Naming Organic Compounds Series. I cover even more naming practice in my membership site: Click HERE for the Organic Chemistry Study Hall!