Nomenclature, or the naming of organic compounds, is a key requirement in any organic chemistry course. You will start out with the basics, being tested on naming molecules and drawing molecules from a given name.
But it doesn’t stop there. As you proceed with your organic chemistry course you will be tested on reactions and mechanisms, but may find yourself faced with the name of a molecule instead of its drawing. No matter how many times you practiced a mechanism, if you don’t know your starting molecule, you won’t be able to answer related questions.
Despite the importance of nomenclature, this topic is often rushed in the orgo curriculum and textbook. That’s why I created this 21-video series (linked below) to take you through naming step by step using my Puzzle Piece Approach. This will help you find patterns and see the logic with every additional concept and rule.
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Video 1 – Introduction To IUPAC Nomenclature
The rules for naming organic compounds are tedious and can become overwhelming fast. The first video in my naming series shows you how to break down the name of an organic molecule using my ‘puzzle piece approach’.
This video is a MUST for breaking down nomenclature in a simple and fun-to-solve manner.
Video 2 – Naming Straight Chain Alkanes
The simplest organic molecule consists of a carbon chain with single bound hydrogen atoms. This video shows you how to tackle the first part of the naming puzzle by teaching you how to name and recognize a simple or straight-chain alkane.
Practice examples include straight chain alkanes presented in condensed molecular formula, structural formula, and line or skeletal structure.
Video 3 – Naming Branched Chain Alkanes
The first level of complexity for naming organic compounds comes from the addition of a ‘branch’ or carbon substituent. This videos teaches you how to tackle molecules with one or more alkyl substituents/branches.
Examples vary from single substituent to multiple of the same and varied branches.
Video 4 – Naming Branched Substituents – isopropyl, isobutyl, tertbutyl and more
While these branched branches are tricky to name, there are accepted ‘shortcuts’ explained in this video including examples containing ispropyl, isobutyl, secbutyl and tert butyl substituents.
Video 5 – Naming Cycloalkanes and Bicyclo Alkanes
However, when faced with more than one fused ring, the naming pattern changes drastically.
This video takes you through the examples with step-by-step explanations for naming single and fused, and substituted cyclic organic compounds.
Video 6 – Naming Alkenes
This video shows you how to name organic compounds containing one or more double bonds while still following my ‘puzzle piece’ approach.
Video 7 – Naming Alkynes
When your organic compound contains two pi bonds between the same set of carbon atoms you have an alkyne. Naming an alkyne is no different compared to naming alkenes, with a slight change in the ‘last name’ of the molecule.
This video shows you how to tackle triple-bond bond naming with a few step by step examples.
Video 8 – Naming Enynes (alkene + alkyne on same compound)
But what do you do when the molecule in question contains both an alkene and an alkyne on the same compound?
This is explained with a few examples in the ene + yne = enyne video.
* Organic Chemistry Functional Groups *
Videos 1-8 focus on the naming basics, videos 9-21 focus on naming functional groups that show up within organic compounds. If you’re not fully confident with the name or structure of the different functional groups – grab my FREE Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Cheat Sheet
Video 9 – Naming Alkyl Halides
Video 10 – Naming Alcohols
Video 11 – Naming Thiols
Video 12 – Naming Ethers
Video 13 – Naming Epoxides and Oxiranes
Video 14 – Naming Aldehydes
Video 15 – Naming Ketones
Video 16 – Naming Carboxylic Acids
Video 17 – Naming Esters
Video 18 – Naming Amines
Video 19 – Naming Amides
Video 20 – Naming Aromatic Compounds (+ Benzene v Phenyl)
Video 21 – Naming Ortho Meta and Para Substituents on Benzene
This concludes my series on Naming Organic Compounds. I cover even more naming practice in my membership site. Click HERE for the Organic Chemistry Study Hall