Preparing for the MCAT is a slow and steady process.
But with so much to learn and remember,
How do you ensure that you don’t forget the old material as you move on learning more and more new content?
The purpose of Phase 1 is building a solid content foundation.
This is accompanied by the following three key elements:
- and truly mastering all of the sciences.
This step is critical, but it also includes adding volumes of data to your long term memory so that you can instantly recall everything from your kinematic equations, all 20 amino acids, every term, pathway, and list of names/theories.
This is where it gets tricky:
How do you ensure that what you learn STAYS in your long-term memory?
I recommend employing a combination of the following techniques:
- Audio summary review for continued mental exposure
- Active writing for physically engaging as many of your senses as possible
You should be creating audio summaries at the end of every study session and listening to them during chores, working out, commuting, and more.
Review the complete strategy in this tutorial: Long Term Memorization using the Audio Summary Strategy.
Active writing is an active form of studying that involves the use of more than one form of your senses.
Most students memorize using flashcards. This form of studying involves staring at the same deck of cards over and over and uses sight and recall to learn new information.
The problem with this method is that it’s somewhat passive.
You stare at a card, and think you get it, but do you really, truly get it?
Enter Active Writing…
With the active writing strategy, you are engaging more than just your eyes on a flashcard.
By holding a marker/pen and actively forming letters, words, and symbols you are not just staring at concepts.
You’re watching the information come to life.
You’re hopefully drawing them out in colorful sketches and diagrams triggering different parts of your brain.
Try speaking out loud (or whispering) as you draw to engage your mouth, ears, and imagination all at the same time.
The key: the more senses you engage, the more active the process, and the more likely you are to remember the information long term.
How does this work?
I recommend devoting 20-30 minutes per night for active writing, do it just before going to bed.
Phase 1 students try for 1-2 times per week.
Phase 2 and 3 students try for 2-3 times per week and for shorter sessions.
**Update on this strategy: Since having my students implement AW into their schedules I've found that 20-30 min at night is difficult to maintain as students tend to get tired and distracted.
Instead, I've seen great success when students implemented 15-20 minutes of AW at the end of every study block, working on AW for that subject.
For example: if you have a physics block from 10-1:30, work on your physics AW from 1:10 – 1:30 reviewing equations from that day, AND equations from previous chapters.
You are required to memorize quite a few equations for the MCAT.
Mostly from chemistry and physics.
In my Equation Memorization tutorial I teach you how to memorize equations by manipulation and solving for units.
The process described is an Active Writing process!
This will help you become really familiar with equations from every angle, format, and set of units.
But it doesn’t stop there.
Pathways, Terminology, Names, and Theories
While pathways and general ‘term’ memorization doesn’t have a manipulation factor as with equations above, you’ll still benefit from writing them over and over.
Choose one aspect to work on at the start of your active writing.
For example, if you choose to work on your amino acids:
If you get stuck, CHEAT.
Refer to your notes or the Amino Acids Cheat Sheet and see where you got stuck.
Copy straight off if you don’t have it memorized.
But pay close attention to what you’re copying.
Now that you’re done, put your reference away and start again.
See how far you get before a) time is up or b) you have it memorized.
Same goes for terms or pathways.
Say you’re memorizing the parts of the cell:
Write them out, even attempt to draw them.
Or maybe you’re memorizing glycolysis.
Start with step 1 and see how far you get.
Think out loud as you write every step including reactant, enzyme, product, and some key factor of significance to help you remember.
You may even have a mnemonic in mind to aid in memory recall as you go through every step.
What you’ll need:
This exercise will involve a LOT of writing.
This can be done on scrap paper or a notebook.
I personally recommend using a whiteboard.
One of my students simply uses dry erase markers on her bathroom mirror.
When she’s done, she leaves the writing on the mirror so that she can see it while washing her hands and brushing her teeth. It remains up till her next active writing session.
How to structure your active writing study time:
Once you’ve determined how many active writing sessions per week, decide what you will do for each one.
For example, if you have one 40-minute session each week, break it in half:
20 minutes for equations
20 minutes for amino acids or pathways or psych/soc terminology
If you have two 30-minute sessions per week, consider brushing up on two topics per session.
For instance, try to do
15 minutes chemistry equations
15 minutes pathways
Then for the next session try
15 minutes physics equations
15 minutes psych/soc terminology
If you have 3 or more short sessions per week, consider spending half or an entire session on each of the following:
- Amino acids
- Chemistry and physics equations
- Bio pathways
- Bio memorization (organelles, systems, enzymes, hormones…)
- Psych/Soc memorization: Names, theories, steps of theories
In as little as 15 minutes per day 4 times a week, –that’s just 1 hour per week!–
You’ll be confident that you not only have all the important information memorized, you’ll have it at the tip of your tongue, ready to be used and applied to tricky questions.
It’s not a one and done deal.
As taught in the memorizing equations tutorial, when your time is up, you note where you left off and continue next time.
When you reach the end of your list, you simply start again from the top of the list till you know every term and equation like the back of your hand.
I’d love to hear from you
Do you have any other good tricks or tips for simplifying the MCAT prep process? Let myself and other students know by leaving a comment below.
Need help more help with focus and efficiency? See The Pomodoro Technique!
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